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What is EnablingOpenScholarship

EnablingOpenScholarship (EOS) is an organisation for universities and research institutions worldwide. The organisation is both an information service and a forum for raising and discussing issues around the mission of modern universities and research institutions, particularly with regard to the creation, dissemination and preservation of research findings.
The aim of EOS is to further the opening up of scholarship and research that we are now seeing through the growing open access, open education, open science and open innovation movements. 
These, and other, 'open' approaches to scholarship are changing the way research and learning are done and there are profound implications for universities and research institutions. EOS has been established to help guide developments and to assist others in understanding the issues and their implications.
The context in which EOS has been established is that of increasing interest from governments, funders and the research community itself in opening up the way research is carried out and communicated. This interest is complemented by new research practices and processes that can work effectively only in an open, collaborative environment.

Our first meeting was held at the University of Liege on 18 October 2007 (The Liege Convention) and subsequent meetings have furthered the development of the organisation and enabled planning for the future.

This website will report on developments of relevance to the mission of EnablingOpenScholarship and will provide news and details of forthcoming meetings, briefings and discussion sessions.

EOS is the Greek word for 'dawn' and is a most appropriate name for an organisation dedicated to changing the old order for something better.

Who is EOS for?

EOS membership is for senior institutional managers who have an interest in, and wish to help develop thinking on, strategies for promoting open scholarship to the academy as a whole and to society at large.
The EOS website is a resource open to all. It provides background information, data and guidance material on open scholarship-related issues. There is an area of the site that is accessible to members only where members can find announcements, news and discussions.  

What can EOS offer your institution?

We offer an outreach service to universities and research institutes - whether members or not - that need help, advice, guidance or information on open scholarship issues. We do this through the resource represented by this website and also by providing information on an individual basis to institutions that need it.
Our board is composed of people who have personally instigated the kinds of changes in their own institutions that herald the benefits of the open scholarly communication system of the future. This expertise is available for others to tap into. Institutional managers who would like guidance or advice on developing policies and procedures can request help from EOS on an individual basis.
Download a leaflet about EOS. 

Joining EOS 

Membership is available to approved institutions and individuals who have an interest in furthering the aims of the organisation. Anyone who is interested in enrolling their institution as a member should provide their details on the membership page. Those with enquiries are invited to email the convenor of the group, Dr Alma Swan (contact details) .

EOS events

For more details about EOS events and activities , and to check whether there is one happening near you, please follow this link.

 

http://www.openscholarship.org/jcms/j_6/home

 

 

 

Pacific University Library and Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Library form partnership

By Isaac Gilman

A publishing partnership between the libraries at Pacific University (Ore.) and California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo will feature a new open access, peer-reviewed journal.


 

A joint publishing partnership between the libraries at Pacific University (Ore.) and California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo has announced a new open access, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to library-led scholarly communication initiatives, online publishing and digital projects.

The Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication will provide a focused forum for library practitioners to share ideas, strategies, research and pragmatic explorations of library-led initiatives related to such areas as institutional repository and digital collection management, library publishing/hosting services and authors’ rights advocacy efforts.  As technology, scholarly communication, the economics of publishing, and the roles of libraries all continue to evolve, the work shared in JLSC will inform practices that strengthen librarianship.

Marisa Ramirez (Cal Poly) and Isaac Gilman (Pacific University) will co-edit the journal in collaboration with an editorial board composed of experienced and respected library practitioners. 

Founding board members include Allyson Mower (University of Utah), Amy Buckland (McGill University), Ann Lally (University of Washington), Faye Chadwell (Oregon State University), JQ Johnson (University of Oregon), Katherine Johnson (California Institute of Technology), Lisa Schiff (California Digital Library), Michael Boock (Oregon State University), Pamela Bluh (University of Maryland, School of Law), Paul Royster (University of Nebraska), Rebecca Kennison (Columbia University), Sarah Shreeves (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Shawn Martin (University of Pennsylvania), Susan Wells Parham (Georgia Institute of Technology) and Terry Owen (University of Maryland).

Just as the core library areas of resource sharing, collection management, cataloging/metadata, instruction and public services have journals dedicated to best practices, there is a need for this new core area of library services to be specifically represented in the literature.

The Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication will meet that need – providing a shared intellectual space for scholarly communication librarians, institutional repository managers, digital archivists, digital data managers and related professionals.  

The first issue is planned for early 2012, with rolling publication of quarterly issues thereafter.  All content will be open access upon publication and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license.

 

http://www.pacificu.edu/news/detail.cfm?NEWS_ID=10010&CATEGORY_ID=2

 

Document Freedom Day, March 30th 2011

Freedom Day (DFD) is a global day for document liberation. It will be a day of grassroots effort to educate the public about the importance of Open Document Formats and Open Standards in general.
The Open Document Formats are Open Standards for your office documents: texts, spreadsheets, presentations, etc.
http://documentfreedom.org/2011/odf.en.html
Open Standards are essential for interoperability and freedom of choice based on the merits of different software applications. They provide freedom from data lock-in and the subsequent vendor lock-in. This makes Open Standards essential for governments, companies, organisations and individual users of information technology.
http://documentfreedom.org/2011/os.en.htm 
Article level metrics

 

As part of our ongoing article-level metrics program, we’re delighted to announce that all seven PLoS journals will now provide online usage data for published articles. With this addition, the suite of metrics on PLoS articles now includes measures of: online usage; citations from the scholarly literature; social bookmarks; blog coverage; and the Comments, Notes and ‘Star’ ratings that have been made on the article.

As discussed recently, we at PLoS feel that there is much to be gained from assessing research articles on their own merits rather than on the basis of the journal (and its impact factor) where the work happens to be published. Until recently, however, readers have simply not had suitable tools to give them any indication of the quality (or ‘impact’) of an individual article. With the advent of online publishing and a burgeoning array of third parties providing information on scholarly articles, it has finally become feasible to provide meaningful article-level metrics and indicators for readers.

 

We encourage you to explore these prototypes and then provide feedback

via the online questionnaire (

http://www.lexisnexis.com/dpartner/process.asp?qs_id=4765 ) or send

your comments to survey@cell.com.

Article Prototype #1 ( http://beta.cell.com/erickson )

( http://beta.cell.com/erickson )

Article Prototype #2 ( http://beta.cell.com/hochstim )

( http://beta.cell.com/hochstim )

Allow the prototype pages to fully load before clicking. The browser

Back button is not supported in an article. As prototypes, some links

lead nowhere and some functionality may not be applied consistently

throughout the entire article.

Cell Press and Elsevier have launched a project called Article of the

Future that is an ongoing collaboration with the scientific community to

redefine how the scientific article is presented online. The project's

goal is to take full advantage of online capabilities, allowing readers

individualized entry points and routes through the content, while using

the latest advances in visualization techniques. We have developed

prototypes for two articles from Cell to demonstrate initial concepts

and get feedback from the scientific community.

KEY FEATURES OF THE PROTOTYPES:

A hierarchical presentation of text and figures so that readers can

elect to drill down through the layers of content based on their level

of expertise and interest. This organizational structure is a

significant departure from the linear-based organization of a

traditional print-based article in incorporating the core text and

supplemental material within a single unified structure. A graphical

abstract allows readers to quickly gain an understanding of the main

take-home message of the paper. The graphical abstract is intended to

encourage browsing, promote interdisciplinary scholarship and help

readers identify more quickly which papers are most relevant to their

research interests. Research highlights provide a bulleted list of the

key results of the article. Author-Affiliation highlighting makes it

easy to see an author*s affiliations and all authors from the same

affiliation. A figure that contains clickable areas so that it can be

used as a navigation mechanism to directly access specific sub-sections

of the results and figures. Integrated audio and video let authors

present the context of their article via an interview or video

presentation and allow animations to be displayed more effectively. The

Experimental Procedures section contains alternate views allowing

readers to see a summary or the full details necessary to replicate the

experiment. A new approach to displaying figures allows the reader to

identify quickly which figures they are interested in and then drill

down through related supplemental figures. All supplemental figures are

displayed individually and directly linked to the main figure to which

they are related. Real-time reference analyses provide a rich

environment to explore the content of the article via the list of

citations.

 

 

 

CSIR Open Source Code 

CSIR ResearchSpace has successfully implemented one of its main objectives of expanding its collections, namely the inclusion of Open Source Codes. The Open Source Codes are being developed from the CSIR's Meraka Institute, a unit that specialises in ICT research. This specific source codes have been developed to be a mechanism that allows source code quality control and are freely available on ResearchSpace for global community development.

OASIS Open Access Source Book Now Online

For immediate release

June 25, 2009

For more information, contact:

Jennifer McLennan

(202) 296-2296 ext. 121

jennifer [at] arl [dot] org

Open Access Week partner a one-stop shop for Open Access education

Washington, DC – A new portal for educational materials on the “concept, principles, advantages, approaches and means to achieving Open Access,” the Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook (OASIS), is now online. Launched at the recent ELPUB meeting, the new Web resource was featured at an Open Access Week Web cast today.

OASIS aims to provide an authoritative ‘sourcebook’ on Open Access. The site highlights developments and initiatives from around the world, with links to diverse additional resources and case studies. Materials are presented according to specific focus areas, to reflect diverse interest in wider access to research. OASIS focus areas highlight Researchers, Librarians, Publishers, Administrators, the Public, and Students.

Administrators visiting the site are invited to explore the “Institutional Advantages of Open Access” and consider: Business Aspects of Institutional Open Access Repositories; Institutional Repositories for Research Management and Assessment; Developing an Institutional Open Access Policy; The Optimal Open Access Policy for Institutions; and more.

Topics for Researchers zero in on the “Benefits of Open Access for research dissemination,” and offer in-depth discussions on: Open Access-What is it and why should we have it?; Citation impact; Managing your research profile; Ways to provide Open Access to your work; Author's Rights and Author Addenda; and Publisher Permissions and Embargoes.

OASIS is a community-building as much as a resource-building exercise. Users are encouraged to share and download the resources provided, and to modify and customize them for local use.

The site is coordinated by Alma Swan, of Key Perspectives Ltd, UK and Leslie Chan, University of Toronto Scarborough, Canada and overseen by a steering committee and advisory board of international Open Access experts and advocates.

“OASIS should help every kind of OA outreach and educational effort find the most effective material and avoid reinventing the wheel,” said Peter Suber, SPARC’s Senior Researcher, Editor of Open Access News and member of the OASIS Steering Committee. “Use it as is, improve it, help it grow, and spread the word.  Kudos to Alma and Leslie for bringing this useful idea from drawing board to launch.”

OASIS and the Open Access Directory are central components in the program for Open Access Week (October 19 to 23, 2009), which will feature educational tools that local hosts can use to design events that suit local audiences and time zones. Sample program tracks drawn from OASIS, which highlight “Author’s rights and author addenda - For researchers” and “Institutional Advantages from Open Access - For administrators,” have been released for participants to use to design or inspire their plans for the week. The organizers of Open Access Week invite feedback on the sample tracks as well as contributions to OASIS and the Open Access Directory. Additional sample tracks will be developed with advice from registered Open Access Week participants.

For a recording of today’s Web cast, more information about Open Access Week and to register your participation, visit http://www.openaccessweek.org

For more information about OASIS, visit http://www.openoasis.org

For more information about the Open Access Directory, visit http://oad.simmons.edu

##

About Open Access Week

Open Access Week, October 19 – 23, 2009, is an opportunity to broaden awareness and understanding of Open Access to research, including access policies from all types of research funders, within the international higher education community and the general public. 120 campuses in 27 countries celebrated Open Access Day in 2008. Open Access Week is being organized by SPARC, the Public Library of Science, Students for FreeCulture, eIFL, OASIS, and the Open Access Directory. Promotional partners include SPARC Europe, SPARC Japan, DOAJ, OASPA, BIREME, OSI, SURF, Open-access.net, and PKP. To register to participate in Open Access Week, or for more information, visit http://www.openaccessweek.org.

About SPARC

SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), with SPARC Europe and SPARC Japan, is an international alliance of more than 800 academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. SPARC’s advocacy, educational and publisher partnership programs encourage expanded dissemination of research. SPARC is on the Web at http://www.arl.org/sparc.

-------------------------------------

Jennifer McLennan

Director of Communications

SPARC

jennifer@arl.org

(202) 296-2296 x121

Fax: (202) 872-0884

*******************************

OPEN ACCESS WEEK 2009

October 19 - 23

www.openaccessweek.org

*******************************

http://www.arl.org/sparc

Open Access Week declared for 2009

For immediate release

March 5, 2009

For more information, contact:

Jennifer McLennan, SPARC

(202) 296-2296 ext 157

jennifer [at] arl [dot] org

Popular global event extended over one week, October 19 – 23

Washington, DC – March 5, 2009 – To accommodate widespread global interest in the movement toward Open Access to scholarly research results, October 19 – 23, 2009 will mark the first international Open Access Week. The now-annual event, expanded from one day to a full week, presents an opportunity to broaden awareness and understanding of Open Access to research, including access policies from all types of research funders, within the international higher education community and the general public.

Open Access Week builds on the momentum generated by the 120 campuses in 27 countries that celebrated Open Access Day in 2008. Event organizers SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition), the Public Library of Science (PLoS), and Students for FreeCulture welcome key new contributors, who will help to enhance and expand the global reach of this popular event in 2009: eIFL.net (Electronic Information for Libraries), OASIS (the Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook); and the Open Access Directory (OAD).

“I’m participating in Open Access Week again this year because I want to shed light on the tremendous potential of Open Access,” said Allyson Mower, Scholarly Communications & Copyright Librarian for the University of Utah’s Marriott Library. “People searching for information usually consume whatever is readily available. Open Access ensures that quality information is at people’s fingertips.”

“eIFL.net works to make intellectual outputs of developing and transitional countries more visible and more easily accessible,” added Rima Kupryte, Director of eIFL.net. “We believe that Open Access contributes to improved education, teaching, and research, and accelerates innovations and economical developments in these countries.  Open Access Week is a great opportunity to promote Open Access globally.”

This year’s program will highlight educational resources on Open Access that local hosts can use to customize their own programs to suit local audiences and time zones. OASIS will serve as the centerpiece of the 2009 program, delivering resources for every constituency and every awareness level. The Open Access Directory will again provide an index of participants on five continents, as well as their growing clearinghouse for all OA resources. Through the collaborative functionality of the two initiatives, OA videos, briefing papers, podcasts, slideshows, posters and other informative tools will be drawn from all over the Web to be highlighted during Open Access Week.

The organizers will also work with registrants to develop a variety of sample program tracks, such as “Administrators’ introduction to campus open-access policies and funds,” “OA 101,” and “Complying with the NIH public access policy” that take full advantage of available tools. Participants are invited to adapt these resources for local use, and to mark Open Access Week by hosting an event, distributing literature, blogging -- or even just wearing an Open Access t-shirt.

“After the success of last year’s Open Access Day, we’re delighted to be co-organizing the first ever Open Access Week with our fellow collaborators, again in conjunction with the anniversary of one of our flagship journals,” said Peter Jerram, CEO for the Public Library of Science. “We ask our supporters to celebrate the fifth anniversary of PLoS Medicine by spreading the word about Open Access and getting involved in the week.”

“There’s no more certain sign of the momentum behind Open Access to research than an annual, global celebration of this scale,” added Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC. “Occasions like this are the best possible way to attract attention from busy faculty members and administrators, and to demonstrate the widespread appeal of Open Access. It’s SPARC’s pleasure to be working with our partners to realize the event once again this year.”

For more information about Open Access Week and to register, visit http://www.openaccessweek.org.

##

SPARC

SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), with SPARC Europe and SPARC Japan, is an international alliance of more than 800 academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. SPARC’s advocacy, educational and publisher partnership programs encourage expanded dissemination of research.  SPARC is a founder of the Alliance for Taxpayer Access, representing taxpayers, patients, physicians, researchers, and institutions that support open public access to taxpayer-funded research. SPARC is on the Web at http://www.arl.org/sparc.

--

--------------------------

Jennifer McLennan

Director of Communications

SPARC

(The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition)

http://www.arl.org/sparc

(202) 296-2296 ext 121

jennifer@arl.org

Please consider the environment before printing this e-mail.

 

Press Release- JISC - Publishing Model

January 27th, 2009: Sharing research information via a more open access publishing model would bring millions of pounds worth of savings to the higher education sector as well as benefiting UK plc. This is one of the key findings from a new research project commissioned by JISC.

Professor John Houghton from the Centre of Strategic Economic Studies at Melbourne¹s Victoria University and Professor Charles Oppenheim at Loughborough University were asked to lead research that would throw light on the economic and social implications of new models for scholarly publishing.

The research centred on three models which include:

€    Subscription or toll access publishing which involves reader charges

and  

        use restrictions;

€    Open access publishing where access is free and publication is funded

from

        the authors¹ side; and

€    Open access self-archiving where academic authors post their work in

        online repositories, making it freely available to all Internet users.

In their report, Houghton et al. looked beyond the actual costs and savings of different models and examined the additional cost-benefits that might arise from enhanced access to research findings.

The research and findings reveal that core scholarly publishing system activities cost the UK higher education sector around £5 billion in 2007.

Using the different models, the report shows, what the estimated cost would have been:

€    £230 million to publish using the subscription model,

€    £150 million to publish under the open access model and

€    £110 million to publish with the self-archiving with peer review

services

        plus some £20 million in operating costs if using the different models.

When considering costs per journal article, Houghton et al. believe that the UK higher education sector could have saved around £80 million a year by shifting from toll access to open access publishing. They also claim that

£115 million could be saved by moving from toll access to open access self-archiving.

In addition to that, the financial return to UK plc from greater accessibility to research might result in an additional £172 million per annum worth of benefits from government and higher education sector research alone.

JISC¹s Chair Professor Sir Tim O¹Shea said, ³The argument for moving from more traditional subscription or toll-based publishing to a model that allows for greater accessibility and makes full use of the advances in technology cannot be ignored. This report shows there are significant savings to be made and benefits to be had.

³JISC will work with publishers, authors and the science community to identify and help to remove the barriers to moving to these more cost-effective models,² he added.

Sir Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust, commended the report and added that, "as a research funder that provides additional funds to its grantholders to meet the cost of open access publishing, I am delighted that this report vindicates this approach and shows that the benefits of enhanced accessibility outweigh the costs of supplementing research funds with 'author-pays' open access publishing fees".

Professor Ian Diamond, speaking on behalf of Research Councils UK said,"RCUK welcomes this substantial and interesting report. It will be of great use to the Research Councils as we develop our future policies in relation to publishing and in particular open access."

The full report is available online at

http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/publications/economicpublishingmodelsfinalreport.aspex

CLOCKSS- Archive Co-operative

http://www.clockss.org/clockss/Triggered_Content

CLOCKSS is a joint venture between the world's leading scholarly

publishers and research libraries. Its mission is to build a

sustainable, geographically distributed dark archive with which

to ensure the long-term survival of Web-based scholarly

publications for the benefit of the greater global research

community. Governing Libraries include the Australian National

University, Indiana University, New York Public Library, OCLC

Online Computer Library Center, Rice University, Stanford

University, the University of Alberta, the University of

Edinburgh, the University of Hong Kong and the University of

Virginia. Governing Publishers include the American Medical

Association, the American Physiological Society, bepress,

Elsevier, IOP Publishing, Nature Publishing Group, Oxford

University Press, SAGE Publications, Springer, Taylor & Francis

and Wiley-Blackwell.

###

.akohrman@clockss.org +1-650-721-5838

 

 

Press Release

Digital Repository Federation (Japan) and DRIVER sign Memorandum of

Understanding

3 December 2008

 

Sapporo, Japan and Goettingen, Germany - As part of the SPARC Digital

Repositories Meeting 2008 held in Baltimore Maryland from 17-18 November

2008, DRF (Japan) and DRIVER have agreed to work closely together on

promoting federated repository infrastructures, signing a Memorandum of

Understanding to take this collaboration forward.

DRIVER is a joint initiative of European stakeholders, co-financed by

the European Commission, setting up a technical infrastructure for

digital repositories and facilitating the building of an umbrella

organisation for digital repositories. DRIVER relies on research

libraries for the sustainable operation of repositories and provision of

high quality content through digital repositories.

Digital Repository Federation (DRF) is a federation consisting of 86

universities and research institutes which aims to promote Open Access

and Institutional Repository development in Japan. Under the auspices of

the National Institute of Informatics (NII), Tokyo, DRF is a

collaborative program for institutional repositories, based on one of

the research and development projects of the national framework of Cyber

Science Infrastructure (CSI).

DRF and DRIVER share the vision that the Open Access movement in Europe

and in Japan contribute to better scholarly communication in the world;

and that each should contribute actively and cooperatively to a global,

interoperable, trusted and long-term data and service infrastructure

based on Open Access digital repositories.

Collaboration between DRF (Japan) and DRIVER is framed by their joint

support for an Open Access model for repositories in research and higher

education institutions. They present a common strategy to enable

research libraries - pressed to improve scholarly communication by

establishing digital repositories - to expose institutional research

outputs to the world. Networks of individual repositories and

overarching information services for aggregation, retrieval, sharing and

re-use are being built on the basis of institutional, national and

regional location, or by subject areas.

Norbert Lossau, Scientific Technical Co-ordinator of DRIVER, said 'The

collaboration between the organizational structures of both DRIVER and

DRF forms the nucleus of federated repository development of a global,

interoperable, trusted and long-term repository infrastructure. We are

very pleased to formalize our relationship by signing this Memorandum of

Understanding.'

Masaaki Hemmi, the Director of DRF, said 'No doubt the coalition of DRF

and DRIVER will lead to the best and widest dissemination of joint

enterprises between researchers, who turn out scholarly fruits, and

librarians, who manage digital repositories in every corner of the

world. Nothing pleases me more than the start of our collaborative

activities.'

For more information, contact: Dale Peters,

petersd@sub.uni-goettingen.de

or Shigeki Sugita, sugita@lib.hokudai.ac.jp

 

FIRST OPEN ACCESS DAY TO BE HELD OCTOBER 14, 2008

For immediate release

August 28, 2008

 

For more information, contact:

Jennifer McLennan

SPARC

(202) 296-2296

jennifer@arl.org

Washington, DC -- August 28, 2008 -- SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing

and

Academic Resources Coalition), the Public Library of Science (PLoS),

and

Students for FreeCulture have jointly announced the first international

Open Access Day. Building on the worldwide momentum toward Open Access

to publicly funded research, Open Access Day will create a key

opportunity for the higher education community and the general public

to

understand more clearly the opportunities of wider access and use of

content.

Open Access Day will invite researchers, educators, librarians,

students, and the public to participate in live, worldwide broadcasts

of

events. In North America, events will be held at 7:00 PM (Eastern) and

7:00 PM (Pacific) and feature appearances from:

Sir Richard Roberts, Ph.D., F.R.S.

Joint winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1993 for

discovering split genes and RNA splicing, one of 26 Nobel Prize-winners

to sign the Open Letter to U.S. Congress in support of taxpayer access

to publicly funded research, and currently at New England Biolabs, USA.

7PM Eastern

Philip E. Bourne, Ph.D.

Philip E. Bourne is the Founding Editor-in-Chief of PLoS Computational

Biology and the author of the popular PLoS Computational Biology Ten

Simple Rules Series. He is Professor in the Skaggs School of Pharmacy

and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of California San Diego,

Associate Director of the RCSB Protein Data Bank, Senior Advisor to the

San Diego Supercomputer Center, an Adjunct Professor at the Burnham

Institute, and Co-Founder of SciVee. 7PM Pacific

Librarians and student organizers are invited to host meetings around

the broadcast. To see a list of participating campuses and to sign up,

visit the Open Access Day Web site at http://www.openaccessday.org.

Additional international events will be announced shortly.

The event will also mark the launch of the new "Voices of Open Access

Video Series." Key members of the research community, including a

teacher, librarian, researcher, student, patient advocate, and a

funder,

will speak on why they are committed to Open Access.

"The momentum behind Open Access to research has been accelerating for

some time now, even before the mandates at the U.S. National Institutes

of Health and Harvard University," said Heather Joseph, Executive

Director of SPARC. "Events beyond the U.S. especially underscore the

higher education community's commitment to having the access they need.

Open Access Day will provide a perfect way for folks to come together,

consider, and celebrate the ramifications of the global shift we're

experiencing."

"Open Access Day is a great opportunity to inform everyone on campus

about the nature and importance of Open Access," added Nelson Pavlosky,

Co-Founder of Students for FreeCulture. "It's really an issue that

impacts everyone in the university, whether they are professors who

publish, students who research, or librarians who purchase journal

subscriptions. Students for FreeCulture looks forward to working with

SPARC and PLoS to inform our peers, as well as faculty, staff and

administration, about how Open Access can help bring publishing into

the

21st Century."

"Making full use of the Internet to share and reuse content without

restriction is pushing scientific communication into the future," said

Peter Jerram, CEO of PLoS. "Open Access Day acknowledges the enormous

progress that's been made towards comprehensive access to research. We

are pleased to be partnering with the community on this special day. We

would ask our supporters to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the

commencement of our publishing activities in October by

participating."

Open Access Day was inspired by the National Day of Action on February

15, 2007, led by Students for FreeCulture with support from the

Alliance

for Taxpayer Access. This year, the same partners have joined forces

with PLoS, the Open Access scientific and medical Web publisher. Open

Access-supporting organizations are also invited to take part. For

details, contact the organizers.

For details and to participate, visit http://www.openaccessday.org.

#

SPARC

SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), with

SPARC Europe and SPARC Japan, is an international alliance of more than

800 academic and research libraries working to create a more open

system

of scholarly communication. SPARC's advocacy, educational and publisher

partnership programs encourage expanded dissemination of research.

SPARC is a founder of the Alliance for Taxpayer Access, representing

taxpayers, patients, physicians, researchers, and institutions that

support open public access to taxpayer-funded research. SPARC is on the

Web at http://www.arl.org/sparc.

Students for Free Culture (SFC)

Students for FreeCulture is a diverse, non-partisan group of students

and young people who are working to get their peers involved in the

free

culture movement. Launched in April 2004 at Swarthmore College, it has

helped establish student groups at colleges and universities across the

United States. Today, chapters exist at over 30 colleges, from Maine to

California, with many more getting started around the world. Students

for FreeCulture was founded by two Swarthmore students after they sued

voting-machine manufacturer Diebold for abusing copyright law in 2003.

Named after the book Free Culture by Stanford University law professor

Lawrence Lessig, it is part of a growing movement, with roots in the

free software/open source community, media activists, creative artists

and writers, and civil libertarians. Groups with which it has

collaborated include Creative Commons, the Electronic Frontier

Foundation, Public Knowledge, and Downhill Battle. Students for Free

Culture is on the Web at http://www.freeculture.org.

PLoS

The Public Library of Science (PLoS) is a non-profit organization of

scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific

and

medical literature a freely available public resource. PLoS publishes

open access, peer-reviewed journals available online to anyone. PLoS

celebrates their fifth anniversary on October 13, 2008. PLoS is on the

Web at www.plos.org.

--


Jennifer McLennan

Director of Communications

SPARC

(The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition)

http://www.arl.org/sparc

**************************

Save the date: The SPARC Digital Repositories Meeting 2008

November 17 18, 2008 | Baltimore, MD

**************************

(202) 296-2296 ext 121

jennifer@arl.org

 

Please consider the environment before printing this e-mail.

Library Associations

International Publishers and Librarians Agree On Access to Orphan Works

Geneva/The Hague, 27 June 2007

A joint steering group of the International Federation of Library

Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and the International Publishers'

Association (IPA) has agreed on key principles of access to orphan works

The position paper is a contribution to the international debate on

so-called "orphan works": "Orphan Works" are works in copyright whose

owner cannot be identified and located by someone who wishes to make use

of the work in a manner that requires the rights owner's permission. In

a joint statement the international umbrella organisations of librarians

and book and journal publishers have set out principles aimed at

facilitating the use of orphan works.

The joint statement on orphan works was agreed by the Joint Steering

Group, a working group established by the International Federation of

Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and the International

Publishers Association (IPA) to discuss issue of mutual interest.

The statement sets out five principles to be followed by users of

orphaned works:

 

  • A reasonably diligent search should be undertaken to find the

copyright owner.

 

 

  • The user of an orphan work must provide a clear and adequate

attribution to the copyright owner.

 

 

  • If the copyright owner reappears, the owner should be

reasonably remunerated or appropriate restitution should be made.

 

 

  • If injunctive relief is available against the use of a

previously orphaned work, the injunctive relief should take into account

the creative efforts and investment made in good faith by the user of

the work.

 

 

  • The use of orphan works in non-exclusive.

 

Claudia Lux (IFLA), co-Chair of the IFLA/IPA Steering Group declared:

"Orphan works are bad news for all concerned: for information users,

librarians, publishers and authors. Creativity and progress are stifled

when so many works are consigned to a legal limbo because their

copyright owners cannot be traced. The principles which IFLA has agreed

with the IPA are an important step forward because they set out clearly

what bona fide users of orphan works must do to avoid being held liable

for copyright infringement, and what should be done if a missing

copyright owner is found after the work has been used. If applied, the

principles would ensure that the rights of copyright owners are

respected without exposing users of orphan works to an intimidating

level of risk."

Herman P. Spruijt (IPA), co-Chair of the Steering Group declared:

"Copyright is crucially important to publishers. We must ensure that it

supports access to knowledge and takes into account the interests of all

those contributing to the knowledge economy, including publishers. As

part of their business publishers seek authorisation to use previously

published works, including orphan works. Publishers will therefore

benefit from a pragmatic, common sense approach that balances the

legitimate interests of all sides. Our principles will help to achieve

this."

Notes for editors:

The full statement can be found at:

http://www.internationalpublishers.org/images/pdf/IndustryPolicy/IFLAIPA/PRs/27_07_07.pdf

IFLA is the global voice of the library and information profession.

Established in 1927, IFLA currently has some 1500 members in 50

countries. Together, IFLA's association and institutional members

represent over 500.000 librarians and library workers serving almost two

billion registered library users worldwide. IFLA is an accredited

Non-Governmental Organisation enjoying consultative status to the United

Nations. For more on IFLA, see: www.ifla.org

The International Publishers Association (IPA) is the global

non-governmental organisation representing all aspects of book and

journal publishing worldwide. Established in 1896, IPA's mission is to

promote and protect publishing and to raise awareness for publishing as

a force for cultural and political advancement worldwide. IPA is an

industry association with a human rights mandate. IPA currently has 65

member associations in 53 countries.

The members of the IFLA/IPA Steering Group are:

For IFLA:

Claudia Lux, IFLA President-elect (Co-Chair)

Vinyet Panyella, IFLA Governing Board member

Winston Tabb, Chair of the IFLA Committee on Copyright and other Legal

Matters

Peter Lor, IFLA Secretary General

For IPA:

Herman P. Spruijt (Co-Chair), IPA Vice President, Brill Academic, NL

Marc Brodsky, American Institute of Physics, USA

Michael Mabe, Chief Executive Officer, STM

Jens Bammel, IPA Secretary General

From today's CLA Digest:

http://cla.informz.net/cla/archives/archive_155065.html

CLA Moves Open Access

CLA Executive Council has approved some recommendations from the Open

Access Task Force that move CLA towards providing virtually all of

its intellectual property free of charge, in digital form, online and

free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. The revised policy

has four parts:

CLA will provide for full and immediate open access for all CLA

publications, with the exception of Feliciter and monographs The

embargo period for Feliciter is one issue, and the embargo policy

itself will be reviewed after one year. Monographs will be considered

for open access publishing on a case-by-case basis.

CLA actively encourages its members to self-archive in institutional

and/or disciplinary repositories and will investigate a partnership

with E-LIS, the Open Archive for Library and Information Studies.

CLA will generally provide for the author's retention of copyright by

employing Creative Commons licensing or publisher-author agreements

that promote open access.

CLA will continue its long-standing policy of accessibility to

virtually all CLA information except for narrowly defined

confidential matters (e.g. certain personnel or legal matters).

The Task Force's Report is available at:

http://www.cla.ca/about/committees/Open%20Access%20Report.pdf

OpenDoc Society

ISOC Netherlands and ISOC Belgium participate in the launch of OpenDoc

Society

A new member-based organisation, OpenDoc Society, will try to bring a

global community of users, technologists, and decision makers together

around Open Document Format (ODF). The OpenDoc Society will be trying

to build a community around the Open Document Format (ISO 26300:2006)

and related document standards as key technologies for our society and

the Internet in a pre-competitive way.

Open Document Format (ODF) is an OASIS/ISO-standardized, vendor neutral

file format that enables cross-platform collaboration between people and

many different types of applications - from Office suites to server

software. Having such a standard will re-establish full ownership of

documents to users, guaranteeing unhindered access to content now and in

the future. At the same time, it will contribute to interoperability and

innovation across platforms and applications. This will help people work

more efficiently and take away the dependency on specific software

companies and versions of software for having access to one's own

content. It is not about converting people to use specific software. It

promotes all ODF-based technology alike: may the best offering in any

given situation win. This pragmatic and positive approach is what makes

the OpenDoc Society unique. A growing number of governments, including

the Dutch, Belgian, South-African and Danish governments, is moving away

from the proprietary formats such as .doc, .wpd and .xls and converting

to ODF.

On 23 October 2007, the new initiative was launched with a large event

in the Royal Library in the Hague, with speakers from several

governments, the European Commission, and the OASIS TC that produces

ODF. Around forty organizations, representing government, industry,

civil society, cultural institutions, organizations for people with

visual impairments, and open source projects support the initiative

already. ISOC Netherlands and ISOC Belgium actively contributed to the

establishment of the new organization.

The founding board of OpenDoc Society will consist of Bert Bakker

(director of Center for Media and Communication, and former member of

the Netherlands parliament - chair), Michiel Leenaars (director ISOC.nl,

manager at NLnet foundation - secretary) and Bob Goudriaan (financial

specialist and informal investor - treasurer). As new local branches

around the world are added, an international board will be set up.

The organization wants to expand internationally and hopes it can play a

strategic role in creating awareness and building a community to further

the growth of ODF. More information can be found at:

 

There is already interest from a number of ISOC chapters to set up local

branches. If you want to start a chapter of OpenDoc Society in your

region, contact: expand@opendocsociety.org or alternatively contact one

of the people below:

Michiel Leenaars

ISOC Netherlands, NLnet foundation

Kruislaan 419

1098 VA Amsterdam

Netherlands

Phone: +31 (0)20 8884251

Cell phone: +31 (0)6 27050947

SIP: michiel @t isoc.nl

Machtelt Garrels

ISOC Belgium

machtelt.garrels @t isoc.be

M: +32 (0)473 94 68 78

DIG-LIb

The September/October 2007 issue of D-Lib Magazine

(http://www.dlib.org/) is now available.

This issue contains five articles, a two-part commentary, six conference

and workshop reports, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press

releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest

in 'Clips and Pointers'. This month, D-Lib features the "University of

Washington Libraries Digital Collections" contributed by Ann Lally,

University of Washington.

The two-part commentary is:

Cyberinfrastructure, Data, and Libraries, Part 1: A Cyberinfrastructure

Primer for Librarians

Anna Gold, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Cyberinfrastructure, Data, and Libraries, Part 2: Libraries and the Data

Challenge: Roles and Actions for Libraries

Anna Gold, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The articles include:

Overview - Repositories by the Numbers

Chuck Thomas, Florida Center for Library Automation; Robert H. McDonald,

San Diego Supercomputer Center; and Cat S. McDowell, University of North

Carolina, Greensboro

Measuring and Comparing Participation Patterns in Digital Repositories:

Repositories by the Numbers, Part 1

Chuck Thomas, Florida Center for Library Automation, and Robert H.

McDonald, San Diego Supercomputer Center

Evaluating Institutional Repository Deployment in American Academe Since

Early 2005: Repositories by the Numbers, Part 2

Cat S. McDowell, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

The Data Curation Continuum: Managing Data Objects in Institutional

Repositories

Andrew Treloar, David Groenewegen, and Cathrine Harboe-Ree, Monash

University

Developing Handle System(R) Web Services at Cornell University

Adam J. Smith, Cornell University

The conference reports include:

Report on the Seventh ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries

(JCDL 2007) - Building and Sustaining the Digital Environment: June

18-23, 2007, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Lillian Cassel, Villanova University; and Jose Borbinha, Instituto

Superior Tecnico (IST)

Series of Workshops on Digital Library Foundations

Donatella Castelli, ISTI-CNR; and Edward A. Fox, Virginia Tech

The 3rd Annual Digital Libraries Workshop at the JCDL 2007 Conferences

Javed Mostafa, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Report on the 7th International Workshop on Web Archiving (IWAW 2007)

Andreas Rauber, Vienna Technical University

Contextualized Attention Metadata: Personalized Access to Digital Resources

Jehad Najjar, Martin Wolpers and Erik Duval, Katholieke Universiteit

Leuven (K.U.Leuven), Belgium

Global Access to Science- Scientific Publishing for the Future: A Report

of IATUL 2007 Conference Held at KTH, the Royal Institute of Technology,

Sweden, June 11 - 14, 2007

D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England

http://mirrored.ukoln.ac.uk/lis-journals/dlib/

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

http://dlib.anu.edu.au/

State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen,

Goettingen,

Germany

http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/edoc/aw/d-lib/

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

http://www.dlib.org.ar

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

http://dlib.ejournal.ascc.net/

BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal

http://purl.pt/302/1

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the July/August

2007 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.

There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United

States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson

Editor

D-Lib Magazine

Africa and Digitisation

Innovation, journal of appropriate librarianship and information work

in Southern Africa.

No. 34 (June) 2007

The Politics of Digital Initiatives Concerning Africa

Contents

 

Editorial – Al Kagan

 

Summary of issues and decisions – David Easterbrook

 

Overview and observations: Workshop on the Politics of Digital

 

Initiatives Concerning Africa, August 4-5, 2007 – Al Kagan

 

Content selection issues in digitising material on South Africa’s

 

Freedom Struggle -- Christopher Saunders

 

The Politics of digital “reform and revolution”: towards mainstreaming

 

and African control of African digitisation -- Peter Limb

 

The Virtual stampede for Africa: digitisation, postcoloniality and

 

archives of the Liberation Struggles in Southern Africa -- Premesh Lalu

 

Delivering the goods: how Internet-centric projects can stress African

 

universities -- Cliff Missen

 

Digital content licenses, a barrier to digital content?: a South

 

African survey -- Charles Masango,

 

Workshop Program and Panels

Workshop Invitees List

Archives-Libraries Committee Resolution on Migrated Archives (1977)

Guidelines of the African Studies Association for Members’ Ethical

 

Conduct in Research and Other Professional Undertakings in Africa

(2005)

Innovation is an accredited journal; articles are indexed in Index to

South African periodicals and abstracted in Library and Information

Science abstracts. Articles are available from African Journals Online

and the British Library for Development Studies Document Delivery

Service.

See also http://www.innovation.ukzn.ac.za/innovationbase.htm for a

selection of online articles.

South Africa

The Electronic Communication Act No. 36 of 2005 recently came into

effect. It provides for discounted rates for public schools and public

further education and training institutions. It, however, does not

extend to universities or libraries.

See Clause 73 below :-

E-rate

73. (1) Internet services, provided to all public schools as defined in the South African

Schools Act, 1996 (Act No. 84 of 1996), and all public further education and training

institutions as defined in the Further Education and Training Act, 1998 (Act No. 98 of

1998), must be provided at a minimum discounted rate of 50% off the total charge levied

by the licensee providing Internet services to such institutions.

(2) The discount is applicable of the total charge levied by the licensee which includes

but is not limited to the following:

(a) Any connectivity charges for access to the Internet;

(b) charges for any equipment used for or in association with connectivity to the

Internet; and

(c) all calls made to an Internet Service Provider.

(3) Where the licensee, who provides Internet services to the

institutions as contemplated in subsection (1), obtains its electronic communications

facilities for the provision of Internet services from a electronic communications network

service licensee, the licensee is entitled to a minimum of 50% off the retail

rate charged to it by the electronic communications network service licensee for the

facilities in question.

(4) The implementation of this section must be in the manner

prescribed.

(5) The Minister may, in consultation with the Minister responsible for

Education,declare categories of independent schools or private further education

and training institutions to be entitled to the discount mentioned in subsection

(1).

The implementation of the section will probably only take place during

2007.

Empowering libraries through Open Source solutions: launch of eIFL OSS program

PRESS RELEASE

November 7, 2006

eIFL Open Source Software kick-off meeting Cupramontana, Italy, 29-30 October 2006

On 29-30 October 2006, eIFL.net hosted an international gathering of software developers, information access advocates and library representatives at the picturesque

 

monastery of Eremo delle Grotte dei Frati Bianchi in the eastern Italian province of Ancona. Welcomed by the Mayor of Cupramontana to "create a new beginning in a place of quiet reflection", the purpose was to launch a new eIFL.net program to foster the use of Open Source Software (OSS) solutions for libraries.

 

"Open Source is all about empowerment", said Art Rhyno, a Systems Librarian at the University of Windsor and author of a book on OSS and a report for eIFL in 2005. "This is not about dropping packaged solutions into resource poor regions, this is about giving people the tools and training to create their own solutions at the local level", continued Rhyno. An immediate area of focus is the Integrated Library System (ILS), typically the biggest technology expense in a library budget and identified by eIFL members as a priority for new solutions. "The ILS is a huge drain on a library's

 

resources", said Tigran Zargaryan, eIFL country representative for Armenia and Head of the Automation Department at Yerevan State University Library. "More flexible options for ILS will go a long way towards enabling libraries in eIFL countries to offer more services and make a greater impact on the communities they serve".

Erik Hatcher, author and a leading developer on Lucene, one of the world's premier search engine technologies, attended the Cupramontana meeting. "OSS represents the

state-of-the-art in Information Retrieval(IR) systems", said Hatcher. "Libraries can put together systems in ways that were not possible before and the use of Open Source by libraries represents a perfect partnership of software and organisations that serve the common good", he continued. Marek Tuszynski, co-founder and partner of Tactical Technical Collective (TTC), best captured the spirit of the eIFL initiative in describing how TTC distribute Open Source Software in packaged CD collections and organise regional training workshops for non-profits in developing and transition countries. It is envisaged that eIFL will model its OSS activities on the innovative and successful approaches developed by TTC.

 

The first step is to finalise membership of an eIFL OSS Advisory Board. This will be taken forward by Tigran Zargaryan and Bess Sadler, a librarian and software developer for the University of Virginia library, who will prepare revised Terms of Reference and will work with eIFL to identify potential partners. Sadler, who has worked as an international observer and has experience developing software and technical solutions for indigenous groups in Canada and Latin America, points to the historical role of libraries as a source of knowledge and empowerment. "Access to information is vital for any kind of positive change in society. Libraries do a good job of ensuring this access. Our role is to support libraries in eIFL member countries, so that a lack of financial resources need not mean a lack of available knowledge."

 

Further information:

Rima Kupryte, Director

Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL) c/o ADN Kronos,

 

Piazza Mastai 9

 

00153 Rome, Italy

Tel: +(39)(06)5807216/17

E-mail: rima.kupryte@eifl.net

html: www.eifl.net

eIFL

eIFL.net is an international foundation which supports national library consortia in fifty transition and developing countries to negotiate and advocate for the wide availability of electronic resources to education, research and professional communities as well as governmental organisations and civil society. This global network embraces

millions of users in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union and the Middle East.

--

Read about eIFL in wikipedia!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

Electronic_Information_for_Libraries

 

Internet Coalition to Promote Access to Knowledge and Online Free Speech

Civil Society, Govt, Business, & Academia Join Together to Form "A2K@IGF"

IP Justice Media Release

1 November 2006

(Athens) A broad range of companies, civil society organizations,

governments, and academics have joined together to form a "dynamic

coalition" to promote online freedom of expression and access to knowledge

at the inaugural meeting of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum IGF

in Athens.

One of the main "deliverables" of the IGF meeting is the creation of dynamic

coalitions, or multi-stakeholder groups working together over a multi-year

process to provide recommendations for "best practices" on particular issues

that deal with online activity.

On Wednesday, November 1st at IGF in Athens, a number of the organizers of

the IGF workshop on freedom of expression and access to knowledge held a

press conference to announce the creation of a dynamic coalition.

The coalition will work towards promoting the Internet as a tool of

development, education and freedom, and will focus on the proper balance for

intellectual property rights in a digital world.

Among others, founding members of the IGF dynamic coalition include IP

Justice, Google, Council of Europe, CPTech, Sun Microsystems, Bibliotheca

Alexandrina, Yale Law School Information Society Project, Free Software

Foundation Europe, Franklin Pierce Law School, Electronic Information for

Libraries (eIFL), Electronic Frontier Foundation, Computer Professionals for

Social Responsibility (CPSR) and the IP Academy of Singapore. The coalition

will report back at the 2007 IGF in Rio de Janeiro on its progress.

Details on the workshop and press conference speakers are below.

IGF Workshop on Free Expression and A2k:

"Harnessing the Power of the Internet to Provide Access to Knowledge & Free

Flow of Information": A workshop to explore significant opportunities and

barriers to harnessing the power of the Internet to provide access to

knowledge and encourage freedom of expression and the free flow of

information. In particular, the workshop will focus on the appropriate

balance for intellectual property rights on the Internet and their impact on

free speech and access to knowledge.

Workshop Speakers:

  • Susan Struble from IT Standardization and Strategy at Sun Microsystems

will address challenges to technical interoperability and the free flow of

information on the Internet from software patents.

 

 

  • Dr. Magdy Nagi from Egypt's Library of Alexandria (Bibliotheca

Alexandrina) will discuss the needs of online libraries to provide access to

information and encourage development.

 

 

  • Dirk Voorhoof a Professor at Ghent University and Copenhagen University,

member of Legal Human Academy and expert of the Council of Europe will

discuss international human rights conventions and their relationship to

intellectual property law, access to knowledge, and freedom of expression.

 

 

  • Mary Wong, a Professor of Law at Franklin Pierce Law Center and the IP

Academy of Singapore will address special online challenges to freedom of

expression and access to knowledge from "digital locks".

 

 

  • Cristiano Berbert from the government of Brazil will discuss efforts in

the developing countries to provide access to knowledge and promote free

expression.

 

 

  • Andrew McLaughlin, Head of Global Public Policy at Google will address the

barriers Google faces in providing access to knowledge from unbalanced

copyright law.

 

 

  • Robin Gross, Executive Director of IP Justice will Chair the session.

Webpage for workshop:

http://ipjustice.org/wp/campaigns/internet-governance/igf/382/

 

Workshop Sponsors:

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) Computer Professionals for

Social Responsibility - Peru Consumer Project on Technology (CPTech) Egypt's

Library of Alexandria (Bibliotheca Alexandrina) Electronic Frontier

Foundation (EFF) Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL) Free Software

Foundation Europe (FSFE) Google International Federation of Library

Associations and Institutions (IFLA) IP Justice (IPJ) South Centre

Innovation, Access to Knowledge and Intellectual Property Programme (IAIPP)

Sun Microsystems Third World Network (TWN)

DEVELOPING WORLD TO RECEIVE ACCESS TO CRITICAL GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH

 

For Immediate Release: October 30, 2006 (9:00 AM) UNEP-YALE

 

"Online Access to Research in the Environment" (OARE)

NEW YORK CITY/NAIROBI, - In an effort to help reduce great

disparities in scientific capital between developed and

developing nations, the United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP), Yale University, and leading science and technology

ublishers launched today a new collaborative initiative to

make global scientific research in the environmental sciences

available online to tens of thousands of environmental

scientists, researchers, and policy makers in the developing

world for free or at nominal cost.

Through Online Access to Research in the Environment (OARE),

more than 200 prestigious publishers, societies and

associations will offer one of the world's largest

collections of scholarly, peer-reviewed environmental science

journals to over 1200 public and non-profit environmental

institutions in more than 100 developing nations of Africa,

Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and

Eastern Europe. Each and every institution enrolled in OARE

will receive resources with an annual retail subscription

value in the many hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Over 1000 scholarly scientific and technical journal titles

in such fields as biotechnology, botany, climate change,

ecology, energy, environmental chemistry, environmental

economics, environmental engineering and planning,

environmental law and policy, environmental toxicology and

pollution, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology,

oceanography, urban planning, and zoology will be provided

through a portal presented in English, Spanish and French.

OARE will also provide important Abstract and Index Research

Databases (A&I Databases) -- intellectual tools the

scientific and professional community use to search for

information within thousands of scholarly publications, and

other scholarly resources.

"OARE is a new and inspiring example of international

cooperation that can contribute to the reduction of the

North-South scientific gap and digital divide, objectives

that are both at the top of the UN agenda and the UN

Millennium Development Goals", said Achim Steiner, United

Nations Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director.

"Thanks to advances in information and communication

technologies and the great generosity of many leading

scientific publishers, we have an unprecedented opportunity

to provide environmental institutions in developing countries

with intellectual resources we in the developed world so

often take for granted", said James Gustave Speth, dean of

Yale's Environment School.

"Scientific publishers welcome this opportunity to provide

access to the latest published research in environmental and

related sciences to researchers and other professionals in

106 developing countries, in the expectation that, in turn,

higher quality research will emerge from those countries, to

the benefit of all of us", said Michael Mabe, CEO of the

International Association of Scientific, Technical and

Medical Publishers (STM).

"The Hewlett Foundation is committed to providing high

quality educational materials to students and scholars in the

developing world. We are extremely pleased to join with Yale,

UNEP and the many participating publishers, societies and

associations to make scientific resources available in

developing countries, where the need is so great.", stated

Paul Brest, president of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.

OARE aims to contribute to the development of expert

professional and academ

 

Support for the community-governed archive cooperative, CLOCKSS
(Controlled Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe), continues to grow as
they announce the addition of the University of Alberta as its
newest governing library member. The University of Alberta
Libraries is a member of the Association of Research Libraries
and has the second largest academic and research collection in
Canada.
The CLOCKSS initiative was created in response to the growing
concern that digital content purchased by libraries may not
always be available due to retirement of an electronic journal or
catastrophic events. CLOCKSS addresses this problem by creating
a secure, multi-site archive of web-published content that can be
tapped into as necessary to provide ongoing access to researchers
worldwide for free. "We are proud to welcome the University of
Alberta as our first Canadian partner," says Gordon Tibbitts, CEO
of bepress and Co-Chair of the CLOCKSS Board of Directors.
"Adding another global partner to the network further solidifies
CLOCKSS leadership in providing a cost-sensitive and effective
long-term archiving solution that services the entire scholarly
community."
Based at Stanford University, the not-for-profit organization is
a partnership of libraries and publishers. As a governing
library, the University of Alberta Libraries will operate one of
the computer "CLOCKSS boxes" housed at (ultimately) 15 sites
around the globe containing content contributed by publishers.
This content is stored and preserved, ensuring that it is
available for future use. "The University of Alberta Libraries
consider CLOCKSS essential for ensuring access to the knowledge
we create today far into the future," stated Ernie Ingles, Chief
Librarian and Vice Provost at the University of Alberta, "We feel
that membership in this organization is a contribution to future
generations."
CLOCKSS uses LOCKSS low cost archiving software to operate its
archive, making participation in the collective affordable for
libraries of all sizes. LOCKSS is an ACM award winning digital
preservation technology preserves all formats and genres of
web-published content including the look and feel of the
original. LOCKSS is evolving open source software, which means
there is less chance that the format of the stored content will
become outdated and useless. When digital content becomes
unavailable, for instance if a publisher chooses to retire a
journal, then that "trigger event" allows content stored in the
archive to be released to designated delivery platforms or hosts,
ensuring unrestricted access to research literature that might
otherwise have been lost. Prior to a trigger event the content
is "dark" or hidden and is not available to anyone. Content that
has been made available through CLOCKSS can be freely accessed on
the CLOCKSS website at
Contact CLOCKSS: Amy Kohrman,

 

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